5G TECHNOLOGY AND IOT: HOW ARE THESE GOING?

Low latency and high flexibility are network features that will allow the development of Internet of Things. Internet of Things only works when devices connect to the Internet. From this statement, it is already possible to assume that the importance of 5G in IoT development in the coming years is significant. Being the first network designed to work with low latency and turnaround time is 10 times shorter than the 4G network, 5G is a solution for professionals working to properly connect autonomous vehicles, refrigerators to be installed, airplane communications facilities, among many opportunities. According to a market survey, by 2020 there will be more than 20 billion IoT devices worldwide and current networks are insufficient to transmit large amounts of data already generated on a regular basis. 5G is seen as a solution that can pull connections simultaneously, efficiently and with low power consumption. It is a network designed to respond in real time, as well as being vulnerable and usable in many ways. 4G was the emergence of 3G, with a broad band and high speed, but with the same ecosystem, while 5G has new systems, it aims to empower the entire network of applications that leaves this ecosystem. It is intended that the 5G network has a delay of not more than 1 milliseconds, and is currently 10 milliseconds, causing many devices to connect to the network and disconnect when not in use. The new network has to deal with critical needs, which require very short response times. A private car today, from the moment it gets guided by a brake car, needs 3 meters to stand, precisely during 4G turnaround time. With 5G, this flight distance can be a matter of inches. The increased demand for 5G will change the investment direction of telecommunications operators, today focused on serving interpersonal communication. The Internet of Things opens a new market where operators have a great opportunity to increase their revenue. The market bet that, of course, the number of devices connected to IoT will be greater than the number of smartphones, and the need to hire a new network will be greater. ITU – The International Telecommunications Union has been defining 5G boundaries, depending on past networks and future needs. However, manufacturers’ organizations, equipment suppliers, operators, and research institutes have already outlined their goals and objectives for the new network. One of these industrial organizations is 5G Americas, where companies meet for appropriate market negotiations and negotiate key solutions for consistent network deployment throughout the United States. One of the points of contention is that spectrum planning is the key to the success of 5G. In this organization, mobile spectrum bands below 6GHz will be important for integration between 4G and 5G, while the above bands offer technological challenges, it is possible to improve mobile services for high-end groups with new radio solutions. For them, it is necessary to take advantage of all spectrum resources, from licensed, non-licensed, and distributed, and regulators and politicians need to ensure investment in all natural areas to promote a connected society. Experts believe that setting common goals will allow the network to operate efficiently by 2021, reaching various countries by 2022. In short, the 5G network is expected to increase the speed of the internet but, first, it will come to organize connections between Smartphones and millions of connected devices, such as smart cars and homes, and help build smart and efficient cities.

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